The low-redshift circumgalactic medium in SIMBA

Sarah Appleby*, Romeel Dave, Daniele Sorini, Kate Storey-Fisher, Britton Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examine the properties of the low-redshift circumgalactic medium (CGM) around star-forming and quenched galaxies in the simba cosmological hydrodynamic simulations, focusing on comparing H i and metal line absorption to observations from the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS)-Halos and COS-Dwarfs surveys. Halo baryon fractions are generally ≲50 per cent of the cosmic fraction due to stellar feedback at low masses, and jet-mode AGN feedback at high masses. Baryons and metals in the CGM of quenched galaxies are ≳90 per cent hot gas, while the CGM of star-forming galaxies is more multiphase. Hot CGM gas has low metallicity, while warm and cool CGM gas have metallicity close to that of galactic gas. Equivalent widths, covering fractions and total path absorption of H i and selected metal lines (Mg ii, Si iii, C iv, and O vi) around a matched sample of simba star-forming galaxies are mostly consistent with COS-Halos and COS-Dwarfs observations to ≲0.4 dex, depending on ion and assumed ionizing background. Around matched quenched galaxies, absorption in all ions is lower, with H i absorption significantly underpredicted. Metal-line absorption is sensitive to choice of photoionizing background; assuming recent backgrounds, simba matches O vi but underpredicts low ions, while an older background matches low ions but underpredicts O vi. Simba reproduces the observed dichotomy of O vi absorption around star-forming and quenched galaxies. CGM metals primarily come from stellar feedback, while jet-mode AGN feedback reduces absorption particularly for lower ions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2383-2404
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume507
Issue number2
Early online date11 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: general
  • galaxies: haloes
  • quasars: absorption lines

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