The management of patients with intradural post-traumatic mass lesions: A multicenter survey of current approaches to surgical management in 729 patients coordinated by the European Brain Injury Consortium

Christian Compagnone, Gordon D. Murray, Graham M. Teasdale, Andrew I R Maas, Domenico Esposito, Pietro Princi, Domenico D'Avella, Franco Servadei*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Controversy exists about the indications and timing for surgery in head injured patients with an intradural mass lesion. The aim of this study was to survey contemporary approaches to the treatment of head injured patients with an intradural lesion, placing a particular focus on the utilization of decompressive craniectomy. METHODS: A prospective international survey was conducted over a 3-month period in 67 centers from 24 countries on the neurosurgical management of head injured patients with an intradural mass lesion and/or radiological signs of raised intracranial pressure. Information was obtained about demographic, clinical, and radiological features; surgical management, and mortality at discharge. RESULTS: Over the period of the study, data were collected about 729 patients consecutively admitted to one of the participating centers. The survey included 397 patients with a severe head injury (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] 3-8), 155 with a moderate head injury (GCS 9-12) and 143 patients with a mild head injury (GCS 13-15). An operation was performed on 502 patients (69%). Emergency surgery (<24 h) was most frequently performed for patients with an extracerebral mass lesions (subdural hematomas) whereas delayed surgery was most frequently performed for an intracerebral hematoma or contusion. Decompressive craniectomy was performed in a substantial number of patients, either during an emergency procedure (n = 134, 33%) or a delayed procedure (n = 47, 31%). The decompressive procedure was nearly always combined with evacuation of a mass lesion. The size of the decompression was however considered too small in 25% of cases. CONCLUSION: The results provide a contemporary picture of neurosurgical surgical approaches to the management of head injured patients with an intradural mass lesion and/or signs of raised intracranial pressure in some Neurosurgical Units across the world . The relative benefits of early versus delayed surgery in patients with intraparenchymal lesions and on the indications, technique and benefits of decompressive craniectomy could be topics for future head injury research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1183-1191
Number of pages9
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Decompressive craniectomy
  • Lntradural mass lesions
  • Surgical management
  • Traumatic brain injury

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