Microarray analyses of mRNAs over-expressed in strains lacking the nuclear exosome component Rrp6 identified the transcript encoding the ARE-binding protein Cth2, which functions in cytoplasmic mRNA stability. Subsequent northern analyses revealed that exosome mutants accumulate a 3'-extended transcript at the expense of the mature CTH2 mRNA. The 3' ends of the CTH2 mRNA were mapped to a [GU(3-5)](5) repeat, unlike any previously characterized polyadenylation site. CTH2 mRNA accumulation was not inhibited by mutations in 3'-cleavage and polyadenylation factors, Rna14, Rna15 and Pap1, which block accumulation of other mRNAs. The 3'-extended CTH2 pre-mRNA strongly accumulated in strains with mutations in the TRAMP4 polyadenylation complex or the Nrd1/Nab3/Sen1 complex, and contains multiple Nrd1 and Nab3 binding sites. CTH2 carries a consensus ARE element and levels of the pre-mRNA and mRNA were elevated by mutation of the ARE or inactivation of the nuclear 5'-exonuclease Rat1. We propose that CTH2 mRNA is processed from a 3'-extended primary transcript by the exosome, TRAMP and Nrd1/Nab3/ Sen1 complexes. This unusual pathway may allow time for nuclear, ARE-mediated regulation of CTH2 levels involving Rat1.