The peninsular of submerged hope: Ben Reitman's social geography

T Cresswell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dr Ben Reitman was a social reformer, hobo, doctor, lover of Emma Goldman and anarchist activist in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1910 he gave a lecture in New York titled "Social Geography" in which he used a diagram picturing an imaginary peninsular, ocean and archipelago illustrating a series of points relating to the exclusion of a number of groups in Chicago during the early twentieth century. In this paper I consider the exclusion of Dr Reitman's unconventional knowledge of the excluded from mainstream social science. Remarkably, Reitman's Peninsular of Submerged Hope points to the poststructuralist cultural/social geography of the 1990s, emphasising marginalisation, amplifying marginal voices and pointing to the forces that produce marginalisation in the first place. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 1998


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