AIMS: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of a number of cardiovascular diseases for which endothelin receptor antagonists are currently under clinical development. We have previously reported that systemic administration of the combined endothelin A/B receptor antagonist, TAK-044, abolishes the forearm vasoconstriction caused by intrabrachial ET-1 infusion for at least 3 h. In this study we investigated whether TAK-044 can inhibit ET-1 mediated forearm vasoconstriction for longer periods.
METHODS: Eighteen subjects were recruited to a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, three-way, crossover study. Subjects were divided into three groups of six. Groups received 25 mg, 50 mg or 100 mg TAK-044 on two separate occasions, 6 and 10 h before the start of a 2 h intrabrachial infusion of ET-1 (5 pmol min(-1)). On a third occasion subjects received only placebo before intra-arterial ET-1 infusion. Forearm vasoconstriction to ET-1 was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography.
RESULTS: In the placebo phase, ET-1 caused significant, slowly-progressive local forearm vasoconstriction of approximately 30% (P<0.01) in all three groups. All three doses of TAK-044, administered at both timepoints, tended to blunt the vasoconstriction caused by ET-1. When the responses from all three groups were combined, TAK-044 significantly reduced ET-1 mediated vasoconstriction compared with placebo -9% (95% CI -15 to -3; P=0.01) at 8 h and by -9% (95% CI -17 to -2; P=0.01) 12 h after dosing.
CONCLUSIONS: TAK-044 attenuated, but did not abolish, local ET-1 mediated vasoconstriction, for up to 12 h after administration. Vasoconstriction to local intra-arterial administration of ET-1 appears to represent a safe and reproducible pharmacodynamic index of systemic endothelin receptor antagonism in humans.
- Blood Pressure
- Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
- Heart Rate
- Peptides, Cyclic