Abstract / Description of output
The multidomain adaptor protein amphiphysin-1 (Amph1) is an important coordinator of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in non-neuronal cells and synaptic vesicle (SV) endocytosis at central nerve terminals. Amph1 contains a lipid-binding N-BAR (Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs) domain, central proline-rich (PRD) and clathrin/AP2 (CLAP) domains, and a C-terminal SH3 domain. Amph1 interacts with both lipids and proteins, with all of these interactions required for SV endocytosis, with the exception of the Amph1 PRD. The Amph1 PRD associates with the endocytosis protein endophilin A1, however, the role of this interaction in SV endocytosis has not been investigated. In this study, we set out to determine whether the Amph1 PRD and its interaction with endophilin A1 was essential for efficient SV endocytosis at typical small central synapses. To achieve this, domain-specific interactions of Amph1 were validated using in vitro GST pull-down assays, with the role of these interactions in SV endocytosis determined in molecular replacement experiments in primary neuronal culture. Using this approach, we confirmed important roles for CLAP and SH3 domain interactions of Amph1 in the control of SV endocytosis. Importantly, we identified the interaction site for endophilin A1 within the Amph1 PRD and exploited specific binding mutants to reveal a key role for this interaction in SV endocytosis. Finally, we determined that the formation of the Amph1-endophilin A1 complex is dependent on the phosphorylation status of Amph1-S293 within the PRD and that the phosphorylation status of this residue is essential for efficient SV regeneration. This work, therefore, reveals a key role for the dephosphorylation-dependent Amph1-endophilin A1 interaction in efficient SV endocytosis.