Abstract / Description of output
Two forms of the yeast 5.8S rRNA are generated from a large precursor by distinct processing pathways. Cleavage at site A3 is required for synthesis of the major, short form, designated 5.8S(S), but not for synthesis of the long form, 5.8S(L). To identify components required for A3 cleavage, a bank of temperature-sensitive lethal mutants was screened for those with a reduced ratio of 5.8S(S); 5.8S(L). The pop1-1 mutation (for processing of precursor RNAs) shows this phenotype and also inhibits A3 cleavage. The pre-rRNA processing defect of pop1-1 strains is similar to that reported for mutations in the RNA component of RNase MRP; we show that a mutation in the RNase MRP RNA also inhibits cleavage at site A3. This is the first site shown to require RNase MRP for cleavage in vivo. The pop1-1 mutation also leads to a block in the processing of pre-tRNA that is identical to that reported for mutations in the RNA component of RNase P. The RNA components of both RNase MRP and RNase P are underaccumulated in pop1-1 strains at the nonpermissive temperature, and immunoprecipitation demonstrates that POP1p is a component of both ribonucleoproteins. The POP1 gene encodes a protein with a predicted molecular mass of 100.5 kD and is essential for viability. POP1p is the first protein component of the nuclear RNase P or RNase MRP for which the gene has been cloned.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- POP1 gene
- RNA processing
- RNase MRP
- RNase P
- S. cerevisiae