The PRISMS taxonomy of self-management support: derivation of a novel taxonomy and initial testing of its utility

Gemma Pearce, Hannah L Parke, Hilary Pinnock, Eleni Epiphaniou, Claire LA Bourne, Aziz Sheikh, Stephanie Jc Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

BACKGROUND: Supporting self-management is a core response of health care systems globally to the increasing prevalence of long-term conditions. Lack of a comprehensive taxonomy (or classification) of self-management support components hinders characterization and, ultimately, understanding of these frequently complex, multi-component interventions.

OBJECTIVE: To develop a comprehensive, descriptive taxonomy of self-management support components.

METHODS: Components were derived from the 969 unique randomized controlled trials described in the 102 systematic reviews and 61 implementation trials, examining 14 diverse long-term conditions included in the Practical Reviews in Self-Management Support (PRISMS) project followed by discussion at an expert stakeholder workshop. The utility of the taxonomy was then tested using a self-management support intervention for cancer survivors.

RESULTS: The PRISMS taxonomy comprises 14 components that might be used to support self-management (e.g. information about condition/management, provision of equipment, social support), when delivered to someone with a long-term condition or their carer. Overarching dimensions are delivery mode; personnel delivering the support; intervention targeting; and intensity, frequency and duration of the intervention. The taxonomy does not consider the effectiveness or otherwise of the different components or the overarching dimensions.

CONCLUSIONS: The PRISMS taxonomy offers a framework to researchers describing self-management support interventions, to reviewers synthesizing evidence and to developers of health services for people with long-term conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Health Services Research & Policy
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2015


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