The production of oxygen-centered radicals by bacillus-Calmette-Guerin-activated macrophages. An electron paramagnetic resonance study of the response to phorbol myristate acetate

D A Hume, S Gordon, P J Thornalley, J V Bannister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The spin trapping with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide of free radicals formed from Bacillus-Calmette-Guerin elicited peritoneal macrophages stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate resulted in the formation of a superoxide and hydroxyl spin adducts. The formation of both spin adducts was inhibited by copper/zinc superoxide dismutase. Only 70% of the hydroxyl spin adduct could be inhibited by catalase or the scavenger dimethyl sulfoxide. This suggests that the production of hydroxyl radicals involves prior formation of both superoxide radicals and hydrogen peroxide, implicating a Fenton catalysed Haber-Weiss reaction. The metal scavenger desferrioxamine also reduced the hydroxyl radical signal by 70%. The unaccounted 30% hydroxyl radical-like signals are probably due to carbon-centered free radicals formed by the lipoxygenase reaction. Spin trapping in the presence of the lipid-soluble spin trap, 5-octadecyl-5,3,3-trimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide, resulted in a spectrum consistent with the presence of an oxaziridine nitroxide. This results from the free radical-induced cyclisation of a nitrone with an unsaturated fatty acid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-50
Number of pages6
JournalBBA - Bioenergetics
Volume763
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 1983

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Free Radicals
  • Hydroxides
  • Hydroxyl Radical
  • Kinetics
  • Macrophage Activation
  • Macrophages
  • Mice
  • Mycobacterium bovis
  • Phorbols
  • Superoxides
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate

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