The Prostate Health Index adds predictive value to multi-parametric MRI in detecting significant prostate cancers in a repeat biopsy population

V. J. Gnanapragasam*, K. Burling, A. George, S. Stearn, A. Warren, T. Barrett, B. Koo, F. A. Gallagher, A. Doble, C. Kastner, R. A. Parker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Both multi-parametric MRI (mpMRI) and the Prostate Health Index (PHI) have shown promise in predicting a positive biopsy in men with suspected prostate cancer. Here we investigated the value of combining both tests in men requiring a repeat biopsy. PHI scores were measured in men undergoing re-biopsy with an mpMRI image-guided transperineal approach (n = 279, 94 with negative mpMRIs). The PHI was assessed for ability to add value to mpMRI in predicting all or only significant cancers (Gleason >= 7). In this study adding PHI to mpMRI improved overall and significant cancer prediction (AUC 0.71 and 0.75) compared to mpMRI + PSA alone (AUC 0.64 and 0.69 respectively). At a threshold of >= 35, PHI + mpMRI demonstrated a NPV of 0.97 for excluding significant tumours. In mpMRI negative men, the PHI again improved prediction of significant cancers; AUC 0.76 vs 0.63 (mpMRI + PSA). Using a PHI >= 35, only 1/21 significant cancers was missed and 31/73 (42%) men potentially spared a re-biopsy (NPV of 0.97, sensitivity 0.95). Decision curve analysis demonstrated clinically relevant utility of the PHI across threshold probabilities of 5-30%. In summary, the PHI adds predictive performance to image-guided detection of clinically significant cancers and has particular value in determining re-biopsy need in men with a negative mpMRI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35364
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
Early online date17 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Oct 2016

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • NEGATIVE BIOPSY
  • ANTIGEN LEVELS
  • METAANALYSIS
  • NG/ML
  • MULTICENTER
  • IMPROVE
  • RANGE
  • PCA3

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