The recognition of canine pain behaviours, and potentially hazardous Catch-Neuter-Return practices by animal care professionals

H. Bacon*, V. Vancia, H. Walters, N. Waran

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The assessment of animal welfare is reliant upon the application of animal- and resource-based indicators. Animal-based indicators (physical physiological and behavioural) are considered to be more representative of an animal’s welfare state but are more difficult for an assessor to interpret. In order to build a robust composite framework for the assessment of welfare of dogs (Canis familiaris) within Catch-Neuter-Return (CNR) programmes, including both resource- and animal-based indicators, it is necessary to first evaluate whether appropriate capture and handling techniques plus behavioural, animal-based indicators can be reliably assessed by staff working in CNR programmes.

Results of a video-based survey of experienced dog management staff and CNR practitioners are reported and indicate that staff experienced in canine CNR are reliably able to agree on acceptable and unacceptable handling and capture techniques. However, there is only fair agreement between observers in positively recognising pain. Thus, dog welfare in CNR may be at risk unless staff are effectively trained at recognising behavioural indicators of poor welfare including pain behaviours. This paper suggests that non-invasive, visual indicators of pain, such as facial tension and body posture, may be a reliable and effective approach to recognising post-operative pain in street dogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-306
Number of pages8
JournalAnimal Welfare Journal
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • animal birth control
  • animal welfare
  • assessment
  • dog population management
  • dogs
  • trap-neuter-return
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • ANIMAL-WELFARE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX
  • URINARY-INCONTINENCE
  • BEHAVIORAL-RESPONSES
  • ENVIRONMENTAL-STRESS
  • GASTRIC CONTENTS
  • KENNELED DOGS
  • OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY

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