The relationship between inhibition and working memory in predicting children’s reading difficulties

Josephine N. Booth, James M. E. Boyle, Steve W. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study evaluated the role of working memory and inhibition in predicting children's word reading difficulties. Twenty-one participants with word reading difficulties were individually matched to two other participants to form the chronological-age-matched and the reading-level-matched group. All participants were administered measures of performance IQ, inhibition and working memory. Multinomial logistic regression revealed that tasks of working memory and a composite measure of inhibition discriminated between the groups above the impact of performance IQ when the working memory task was verbally based, but only inhibition discriminated when a nonverbal working memory task was used. This suggests domain-specific deficits on tasks of working memory, independent of the influence of inhibition on reading difficulties. The implications for theory and assessment practice are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-101
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Research in Reading
Volume37
Issue number1
Early online date19 Jul 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2014

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