The relevance of Ki calculation for bi-substrate enzymes illustrated by kinetic evaluation of a novel lysine (K) acetyltransferase 8 inhibitor

Hannah Wapenaar, Thea van den Bosch, Niek G J Leus, Petra E van der Wouden, Nikolaos Eleftheriadis, Jos Hermans, Gebremedhin Solomon Hailu, Dante Rotili, Antonello Mai, Alexander Dömling, Rainer Bischoff, Hidde J Haisma, Frank J Dekker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) are important mediators of epigenetic post-translational modifications of histones that play important roles in health and disease. A disturbance of these modifications can result in disease states, such as cancer or inflammatory diseases. Inhibitors of HATs (HATi) such as lysine (K) acetyltransferase 8 (KAT8), could be used to study the epigenetic processes in diseases related to these enzymes or to investigate HATs as therapeutic targets. However, the development of HATi is challenged by the difficulties in kinetic characterization of HAT enzymes and their inhibitors to enable calculation of a reproducible inhibitory potency. In this study, a fragment screening approach was used, enabling identification of 4-amino-1-naphthol, which potently inhibited KAT8. The inhibitor was investigated for enzyme inhibition using kinetic and calorimetric binding studies. This allowed for calculation of the Ki values for both the free enzyme as well as the acetylated intermediate. Importantly, it revealed a striking difference in binding affinity between the acetylated enzyme and the free enzyme, which could not be revealed by the IC50 value. This shows that kinetic characterization of inhibitors and calculation of Ki values is crucial for determining the binding constants of HAT inhibitors. We anticipate that more comprehensive characterization of enzyme inhibition, as described here, is needed to advance the field of HAT inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-486
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • dose-response relationship
  • enzyme inhibitors
  • histone acetyltransferases/metabolism
  • humans
  • kinetics
  • molecular structure
  • naphthols
  • structure-activity relationship
  • chemical synthesis

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