The role of prosody and gaze in turn-end anticipation

Chiara Gambi, Torsten Jachmann, Maria Staudte

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


How do listeners integrate multiple sources of information in order to accurately anticipate turn endings? In two experiments using synthesised speech and a virtual agent we examined the role of verbal and gaze information in a turnend anticipation task. Listeners were as good at anticipating the synthesised voice as they were with human speakers (Experiment 1). However, the direction and timing of the agent’s gaze had little influence on their accuracy (Experiment 2). Overall, these findings support the idea that anticipation of turn ends relies primarily, but not exclusively, on verbal content.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9911967-2-2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • turn-taking
  • prediction
  • pitch
  • gaze
  • virtual agent


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