If our common aim in this volume is to test the hypothesis that Paul’s interlocutor in Romans 2 is a gentile, not a Jew, against the wider context of the letter, then Romans 9–11 presents a golden opportunity.1 For, while the ethnicity of the person who “calls himself a Jew” in Rom 2:17 is open to question, the ethnicity of the people in view from Rom 9:1 to 11:36 is not. “They are my kinfolk according to the flesh” (Rom 9:3). “They are the Israelites” (Rom 9:4). They are “Israel,” defined precisely in contrast to “the gentiles” (Rom 9:30–31; 11:25).2 Admittedly, what it is, exactly, that Paul claims about them in these chapters is subject to debate, but the identity of the “them” is clear. We stand to gain, therefore, from a close comparison of the self-styled Jew of Romans 2 with the actual Jews of Romans 9–11. My project in this essay is to undertake such a comparison. It will be helpful, first of all, briefly to discuss several relevant contributions to recent research which figure in my argument.
|Title of host publication||The So-Called Jew in Paul’s Letter to the Romans|
|Editors||Rafael Rodriguez, Matthew Thiessen|
|Place of Publication||Minneapolis|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|