The size-luminosity relation at z=7 in CANDELS and its implication on reionization

A. Grazian*, M. Castellano, A. Fontana, L. Pentericci, J. S. Dunlop, R. J. McLure, A. M. Koekemoer, M. E. Dickinson, S. M. Faber, H. C. Ferguson, A. Galametz, M. Giavalisco, N. A. Grogin, N. P. Hathi, D. D. Kocevski, K. Lai, J. A. Newman, E. Vanzella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context. The exploration of the relation between galaxy sizes and other physical parameters (luminosity, mass, star formation rate) has provided important clues for understanding galaxy formation, but such exploration has until recently been limited to intermediate redshift objects.

Aims. We use the currently available CANDELS Deep+Wide surveys in the GOODS-South, UDS and EGS fields, complemented by data from the HUDF09 program, to address the relation between size and luminosity at z similar to 7.

Methods. The six different fields used for this study are characterized by a wide combination of depth and areal coverage, well suited for reducing the biases on the observed size-magnitude plane. From these fields, we select 153 z-band dropout galaxies. Detailed simulations have been carried out for each of these six fields, inserting simulated galaxies at different magnitudes and half light radius in the two dimensional images for all the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) bands available and recovering them as carried out for the real galaxies. These simulations allow us to derive precisely the completeness as a function of size and magnitude and to quantify measurements errors/biases, under the assumption that the 2D profile of z = 7 galaxies is well represented by an exponential disk function.

Results. We find in a rather robust way that the half light radius distribution function of z similar to 7 galaxies fainter than J = 26.6 is peaked at

Conclusions. Using this LF, we find that the number of ionizing photons emitted from galaxies at z similar to 7 cannot keep the Universe re-ionized if the IGM is clumpy (C-HII >= 3) and the Lyman continuum escape fraction of high-z LBGs is relatively low (f(esc)

Original languageEnglish
Article number51
Number of pages18
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume547
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: structure
  • LYMAN-BREAK GALAXIES
  • ULTRA-DEEP-FIELD
  • HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES
  • SIMILAR-TO 7
  • STAR-FORMING GALAXIES
  • EXTRAGALACTIC LEGACY SURVEY
  • ALPHA-EMITTING GALAXIES
  • DIGITAL SKY SURVEY
  • Z-DROPOUT GALAXIES
  • UDF05 FOLLOW-UP

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