The socioeconomic impact of equine epizootic lymphangitis in working equids in low and middle income countries: a scoping review

Marta Bonsi, Neil Anderson, Gemma Calder

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Equine epizootic lymphangitis (EEL) is a very infectious and contagious fungal disease that, with its ocular, respiratory and skin forms, causes severe effects on the health and welfare of working equids. Treatment is expensive and rarely available in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Epidemiological data is lacking in most countries where the disease is known to exist. The purpose
of this scoping review is to identify the current knowledge on the socioeconomic impact of EEL in working equids in LMICs, to highlight knowledge gaps and provide recommendations for future research. Seven eligible papers were obtained from the search of four databases and backward citation searching. The review showed that the available research on this subject is very scarce and restricted to Ethiopia. From the results it emerged that EEL causes detrimental socioeconomic
effects on working equids’ owners, compromising their health and livelihood. Its economic consequences were attributed to the reduced working capacity and loss of sick animals. Among the social impacts, authors highlighted the stigma around sick equids and their owners. Further studies on the socioeconomic impact of EEL conducted in endemic areas are highly required. The integration of epidemiological data with socioeconomic impact studies from LMICs may promote
funding allocation for the development of cost-effective treatments and vaccines and for implementing disease prevention and control programmes. Future research would gain from applying the One Health approach to better examine the multiplicity of the disease socioeconomic effects, therefore increasing the potential of research to orientate policy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104981
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of equine veterinary science
Early online date10 Dec 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Dec 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animal health economics
  • equine epizootic lymphangitis
  • equine histoplasmosis
  • scoping review
  • veterinary economics
  • working equids


Dive into the research topics of 'The socioeconomic impact of equine epizootic lymphangitis in working equids in low and middle income countries: a scoping review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this