The Stellar Populations of the M31 Halo Substructure

Annette M. N. Ferguson, Rachel A. Johnson, Daniel C. Faria, Mike J. Irwin, Rodrigo A. Ibata, Kathryn V. Johnston, Geraint F. Lewis, Nial R. Tanvir

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We present the first results from our survey of stellar substructure in the outskirts of M31 using the Advanced Camera for Surveys on board the Hubble Space Telescope. We discuss the stellar populations associated with five prominent stellar overdensities discovered during the course of our panoramic ground-based imaging survey with the Isaac Newton Telescope Wide-Field Camera; a sixth pointing targets a region of ``clean'' halo. The color-magnitude diagrams, which contain between ~10,000 and 90,000 stars and reach 4 mag below the horizontal branch, reveal clear variations in morphology between most fields, indicating that the age and/or metallicity mix of stars is not constant at large radius. This directly confirms the existence of large-scale population inhomogeneities within the halo of M31 and lends further support to the notion that M31 has formed, at least in part, through satellite accretions. We find a striking similarity between the populations of the giant stellar stream and those of another overdensity, the NE shelf, which lies northeast of the galaxy center. If these overdensities are associated with the same population, then the difference in their red clump magnitudes implies that the NE shelf lies in front of the stream by several tens of kiloparsecs, in good agreement with recent orbit calculations for the stream progenitor. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with program GO9458.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005


  • Galaxies: Evolution
  • Galaxies: Formation
  • Galaxies: Halos
  • Galaxies: Individual: Messier Number: M31
  • Galaxies: Stellar Content
  • Galaxies: Structure


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