The t-SNARE Complex: A Close Up

Alison R. Dun, Colin Rickman, Rory R. Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The SNARE proteins, syntaxin, SNAP-25, and synaptobrevin have long been known to provide the driving force for vesicle fusion in the process of regulated exocytosis. Of particular interest is the initial interaction between SNAP-25 and syntaxin to form the t-SNARE heterodimer, an acceptor for subsequent synaptobrevin engagement. In vitro studies have revealed at least two different dynamic conformations of t-SNARE heterodimer defined by the degree of association of the C-terminal SNARE motif of SNAP-25 with syntaxin. At the plasma membrane, these proteins are organized into dense clusters of 50-60 nm in diameter. More recently, the t-SNARE interaction within these clusters was investigated in live cells at the molecular level, estimating each cluster to contain 35-70 t-SNARE molecules. This work reported the presence of both partially and fully zippered t-SNARE complex at the plasma membrane in agreement with the earlier in vitro findings. It also revealed a spatial segregation :into distinct clusters containing predominantly one conformation apparently patterned by the surrounding lipid environment. The reason for this dynamic t-SNARE complex in exocytosis is uncertain; however, it does take us one step closer to understand the complex sequence of events leading to vesicle fusion, emphasizing the role of both membrane proteins and lipids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1321-1326
Number of pages6
JournalCellular and molecular neurobiology
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

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