The theology of the Scottish Protestant foreign missionary movement

Brian Stanley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Abstract / Description of output

In any survey of influential British missionary thinkers, Scottish names would occupy a prominent place. The Scottish contribution was not confined to those who served with the missions of the Presbyterian churches: some influential Scottish missionaries served with English societies, and some were not even Presbyterians. Nevertheless, five generalisations can be offered:
(1) Scots Presbyterians opted to do mission through ecclesiastical structures, rather than through voluntary societies
(2) Scottish Presbyterian missions aimed to bring the entire life of Christian communities under the rule of Christ.
(3) Scottish missionaries tended to insist that education was integral to the missionary task.
(4) Scottish missionaries trained in the early nineteenth century drew deeply from the Scottish Enlightenment.
(5) From the late 19th century, Scottish (like English) missionary theology was affected by philosophical idealism, though the mid-20th century ascendancy of Barthianism may have helped to sustain the Scottish missionary movement in the turbulent post-war environment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHistory of Scottish Theology, Volume III
Subtitle of host publicationThe Long Twentieth Century
EditorsDavid Fergusson, Mark Elliott
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9780198759355
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2019

Publication series

NameHistory of Scottish Theology

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Thomas Chalmers
  • Alexander Duff
  • Barthianism
  • education
  • evangelism
  • missions
  • Ritschlianism
  • Scottish Enlightenment
  • voluntary societies


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