The thermal retrofitting of walls, windows and ceilings in traditional Scottish buildings

J. Stinson, J. Bros Williamson, Alasdair Reid, J. Currie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper documents research undertaken to evaluate the thermal transmittance of building elements-walls, windows and ceilings-both before and after the addition of insulation in traditionally constructed Scottish buildings. Thirteen different types of insulation (both natural and synthetic) were assessed during the study in a range of buildings. The study found that in each instance where an insulation material was installed, regardless of location and method, an improved U-value of at least 38% was recorded, with a maximum improvement of 88%. On average, solid wall insulation, either applied to the cavity, internal lining, or external face, reduced the U-value by 59%, secondary glazing reduced the window U-value by 75%, and ceiling insulation reduced the U-value by 77%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-325
Number of pages9
JournalWIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
Volume195
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Conservation
  • Historic building
  • Preservation
  • Retrofit
  • Thermal performance

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