The Three Hundred project: dissecting the Fundamental Plane of galaxy clusters up to z = 1

Luis A. Díaz-García*, Keiichi Umetsu, Elena Rasia, Weiguang Cui, Massimo Meneghetti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We perform a systematic study of the recently discovered Fundamental Plane of galaxy clusters (CFP) using ∼250 simulated clusters from The Three Hundred project, focusing on the stability of the plane against different temperature definitions and its dependence on the dynamical relaxation state of clusters. The CFP is characterized by T∝Mαsrβs⁠, defined with the gas temperature (T) and the characteristic halo scale radius and mass (rs and Ms) assuming a Navarro–Frenk–White halo description. We explore two definitions of weighted temperatures, namely mass-weighted and spectroscopic-like temperatures, in three radial ranges. The Three Hundred project clusters at z = 0 lie on a thin plane whose parameters (α, β) and dispersion (0.015–0.030 dex) depend on the gas temperature definition. The CFP for mass-weighted temperatures is closer to the virial equilibrium expectation (α = 1, β = −1) with a smaller dispersion. For gas temperatures measured within 500 h−1 kpc, the resulting CFP deviates the most from the virial expectation and shifts towards the similarity solution for a secondary infall model (α = 1.5, β = −2). Independently of the temperature definition, we find that clusters at z = 1 and relaxed clusters form a CFP similar to the virial expectation, unlike disturbed clusters exhibiting stronger evolution. Only systems formed over the last 4 Gyr present a CFP that is closer to the similarity solution. All these findings are compatible with the CFP obtained for a Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble subsample excluding the hottest clusters with TX > 12 keV.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1233
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Early online date8 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • (cosmology:) dark matter
  • cosmology: observations
  • cosmology: theory
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
  • galaxies: haloes


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