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Cilia are complex microtubule-based organelles essential to a range of processes associated with embryogenesis and tissue homeostasis. Mutations in components of these organelles or those involved in their assembly may result in a diverse set of diseases collectively known as ciliopathies. Accordingly, many cilia-associated proteins have been described, while those distinguishing cilia subtypes are poorly defined. Here we set out to define genes associated with motile cilia in humans based on their transcriptional signature in motile ciliated tissues. To define the signature, we performed network deconvolution of transcriptomics data derived from tissues possessing motile ciliated cell populations. For each tissue, genes coexpressed with the motile cilia-associated transcriptional factor, FOXJ1, were identified. The consensus across tissues provided a transcriptional signature of 248 genes. To validate these, we examined the literature, databases (CilDB, CentrosomeDB, CiliaCarta and SysCilia), single cell RNA-Seq data, and the localisation of mRNA and proteins in motile ciliated cells. In the case of six poorly characterised signature genes, we performed new localisation experiments on ARMC3, EFCAB6, FAM183A, MYCBPAP, RIBC2 and VWA3A. In summary, we report a set of motile cilia-associated genes that helps shape our understanding of these complex cellular organelles.