The UKIRT infrared deep sky survey (UKIDSS)

A. Lawrence, S. J. Warren, O. Almaini, A. C. Edge, N. C. Hambly, R. F. Jameson, P. Lucas, M. Casali, A. Adamson, S. Dye, J. P. Emerson, S. Foucaud, P. Hewett, P. Hirst, S. T. Hodgkin, M. J. Irwin, N. Lodieu, R. G. McMahon, C. Simpson, I. SmailD. Mortlock, M. Folger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe the goals, design, implementation, and initial progress of the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS), a seven-year sky survey which began in 2005 May. UKIDSS is being carried out using the UKIRT Wide Field Camera (WFCAM), which has the largest etendue of any infrared astronomical instrument to date. It is a portfolio of five survey components covering various combinations of the filter set ZYJHK and H-2. The Large Area Survey, the Galactic Clusters Survey, and the Galactic Plane Survey cover approximately 7000 deg(2) to a depth of K similar to 18; the Deep Extragalactic Survey covers 35 deg(2) to K similar to 21, and the Ultra Deep Survey covers 0.77 deg(2) to K similar to 23. Summed together UKIDSS is 12 times larger in effective volume than the 2MASS survey. The prime aim of UKIDSS is to provide a long-term astronomical legacy data base; the design is, however, driven by a series of specific goals for example, to find the nearest and faintest substellar objects, to discover Population II brown dwarfs, if they exist, to determine the substellar mass function, to break the z = 7 quasar barrier; to determine the epoch of re-ionization, to measure the growth of structure from z = 3 to the present day, to determine the epoch of spheroid formation, and to map the Milky Way through the dust, to several kpc. The survey data are being uniformly processed. Images and catalogues are being made available through a fully queryable user interface-the WFCAM Science Archive (http://surveys. roe. ac. uk/wsa). The data are being released in stages. The data are immediately public to astronomers in all ESO member states, and available to the world after 18 months. Before the formal survey began, UKIRT and the UKIDSS consortia collaborated in obtaining and analysing a series of small science verification (SV) projects to complete the commissioning of the camera. We show some results from these SV projects in order to demonstrate the likely power of the eventual complete survey. Finally, using the data from the First Data Release, we assess how well UKIDSS is meeting its design targets so far.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1599-1617
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2007


  • Surveys
  • Infrared sources
  • Photometry: infrared


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