The use of binaries in nationalism studies

James Kennedy, Maarten van Ginderachter *

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This introduction to the themed section 'Beyond Binaries of Nationalism' critically reviews the use of binaries in nationalism studies. It identifies a lack of precision in the use of ideal types as a key failing, and points to new conceptions and types. The contributions to the section question the reification of binaries, most especially western/eastern and civic/ethnic and their attendant biases, and instead emphasize a certain ideological fluidity in the character of nationalism.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNational Identities
Early online date26 Nov 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Nov 2021


  • civic-ethnic
  • eastern-western
  • ideal types
  • nationalism
  • civil nationalism
  • multiculturalism


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