The use of obsidian during the Upper Paleolithic in Northwest Romania

Roxana Dobrescu, Alain Tuffreau, Clive Bonsall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obsidian artefacts are numerous in the Upper Paleolithic sites of Northwest Romania. The use of obsidian begins during the Aurignacian and continues during the Gravettian, All the stages of the lithic reduction sequence are present. The obsidian tools are numerous in some sites. Non-destructive chemical analysis by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) was performed on 232 obsidian artefacts from five sites: Buşag, Remetea Şomoş I, Călineşti I, Boineşti and Turulung. The results show that Early/Middle Upper Paleolithic people in northwest Romania acquired their obsidian, directly or indirectly, from sources on the western flank of the Carpathians, up to 170 km away.
Translated title of the contributionThe use of obsidian during the Upper Paleolithic in Northwest Romania
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)111-128
JournalAnthropologie
Volume122
Issue number2
Early online date1 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • Upper Paleolithic
  • Aurignacian
  • Gravettian
  • obsidian
  • source characterization
  • Northwest Romania

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