A hallmark of macroautophagy is the covalent lipidation of LC3 and insertion into the double‐membrane phagophore, which is driven by the ATG16L1/ATG5‐ATG12 complex. In contrast, non‐canonical autophagy is a pathway through which LC3 is lipidated and inserted into single membranes, particularly endolysosomal vacuoles during cell engulfment events such as LC3‐associated phagocytosis. Factors controlling the targeting of ATG16L1 to phagophores are dispensable for non‐canonical autophagy, for which the mechanism of ATG16L1 recruitment is unknown. Here we show that the WD repeat‐containing C‐terminal domain (WD40 CTD) of ATG16L1 is essential for LC3 recruitment to endolysosomal membranes during non‐canonical autophagy, but dispensable for canonical autophagy. Using this strategy to inhibit non‐canonical autophagy specifically, we show a reduction of MHC class II antigen presentation in dendritic cells from mice lacking the WD40 CTD. Further, we demonstrate activation of non‐canonical autophagy dependent on the WD40 CTD during influenza A virus infection. This suggests dependence on WD40 CTD distinguishes between macroautophagy and non‐canonical use of autophagy machinery.
|Number of pages||17|
|Early online date||9 Jan 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Feb 2018|
- Journal Article
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- Deanery of Molecular, Genetic and Population Health Sciences - Reader
- Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre
Person: Academic: Research Active