Therapeutic hypothermia for acute ischemic stroke: ready to start large randomized trials?

H. Bart van der Worp, Malcolm R. Macleod, Rainer Kollmar, European Stroke Res Network Hypoth

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

Therapeutic hypothermia is a means of neuroprotection well established in the management of acute ischemic brain injuries such as anoxic encephalopathy after cardiac arrest and perinatal asphyxia. As such, it is the only neuroprotective strategy for which there is robust evidence for efficacy. Although there is overwhelming evidence from animal studies that cooling also improves outcome after focal cerebral ischemia, this has not been adequately tested in patients with acute ischemic stroke. There are still some uncertainties about crucial factors relating to the delivery of hypothermia, and the resolution of these would allow improvements in the design of phase III studies in these patients and improvements in the prospects for successful translation. In this study, we discuss critical issues relating first to the targets for therapy including the optimal depth and duration of cooling, second to practical issues including the methods of cooling and the management of shivering, and finally, of factors relating to the design of clinical trials. Consideration of these factors should inform the development of strategies to establish beyond doubt the place of hypothermia in the management of acute ischemic stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2010) 30, 1079-1093; doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2010.44; published online 31 March 2010

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079-1093
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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