Therapeutic hypothermia modulates the neurogenic response of the newborn piglet subventricular zone after hypoxia-ischemia

Daniel Alonso-Alconada*, Pierre Gressens, Xavier Golay, Nicola J Robertson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

BACKGROUND: Neuroprotection combined with neuroregeneration may be critical for optimizing functional recovery in neonatal encephalopathy. To investigate the neurogenic response to hypoxia-ischemia (HI) followed by normothermia (38.5 °C) or three different hypothermic temperatures (35, 33.5, or 30 °C) in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the neonatal piglet.

METHODS: Following transient cerebral HI and resuscitation, 28 newborn piglets were randomized to: normothermia or whole-body cooling to 35 °C, 33.5 °C, or 30 °C during 2-26 h (all n = 7). At 48 h, piglets were euthanized and SVZ obtained to evaluate its cellularity, pattern of cell death, radial glia length, doublecortin (DCX, neuroblasts) expression, and Ki67 (cell proliferation) and Ki67/Sox2 (neural stem/progenitor dividing) cell counts.

RESULTS: Normothermic piglets showed lower total (Ki67+) and neural stem/progenitor dividing (Ki67+Sox2+) cell counts when compared to hypothermic groups. Cooling to 33.5 °C obtained the highest values of SVZ cellularity, radial glia length processes, neuroblast chains area and DCX immunohistochemistry. Cooling to 30 °C, however, revealed decreased cellularity in the lateral SVZ and shorter radial glia processes when compared with 33.5 °C.

CONCLUSIONS: In a neonatal piglet model, hypothermia to 33.5 °C modulates the neurogenic response of the SVZ after HI, highlighting the potential beneficial effect of hypothermia to 33.5 °C on endogenous neurogenesis and the detrimental effect of overcooling beyond this threshold.

IMPACT: Neuroprotection combined with neuroregeneration may be critical for optimizing functional recovery in neonatal encephalopathy. Hypothermia may modulate neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the neonatal hypoxic-ischemic piglet. Cooling to 33.5 °C obtained the highest values of SVZ cellularity, radial glia length processes, neuroblast chains area and doublecortin immunohistochemistry; cooling to 30 °C, however, revealed decreased cellularity and shorter radial glia processes. In a neonatal piglet model, therapeutic hypothermia (33.5 °C) modulates the neurogenic response of the SVZ after hypoxia-ischemia, highlighting also the detrimental effect of overcooling beyond this threshold.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Research
Early online date12 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2023

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