There is no evidence of an association in children and teenagers between the apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele and post-traumatic brain swelling

T J Quinn, C Smith, L Murray, J Stewart, J A R Nicoll, D I Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important cause of mortality and disability in children and teenagers. A particular feature of the neuropathology at post-mortem is brain swelling. The cause of the swelling in some cases is not known, while in others it is associated with traumatic axonal injury or hypoxia. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele is known to be an important genetic determinant of outcome in children after TBI. We hypothesized a relationship between possession of APOEepsilon4 and diffuse traumatic brain swelling. A total of 165 cases aged between 2 and 19 years were identified from the department's tissue archive. APOE genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 106 cases. Bilateral swelling was present in 44 cases (11 with APOEepsilon4), unilateral swelling in 25 cases (7 with APOEepsilon4) and in 36 cases (9 with APOEepsilon4) there was no evidence of brain swelling. There was no significant relationship between possession of APOEepsilon4 and the presence of cerebral swelling (chi(2) = 0.09, df = 2, P = 0.96). The 95% confidence interval for difference in proportions with swelling in those with and without the APOE epsilon4 is -19% to 22%. Thus, a significant relationship was not found between diffuse brain swelling and possession of APOEepsilon4, and in this cohort of patients there was an identifying cause of the brain swelling in all cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-75
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alleles
  • Apolipoprotein E4
  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Brain Edema
  • Brain Injuries
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage, Traumatic
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Male
  • Skull Fractures
  • Tissue Fixation

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