Thermoplastic RTM: Impact Properties of Anionically Polymerised Polyamide 6 Composites for Structural Automotive Parts

James Murray*, Tom Allen, Simon Bickerton, Ankur Bajpai, Klaus Gleich, Eddie McCarthy, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates the impact behaviour and post-impact performance of polyamide-6 glass fibre reinforced composites, manufactured by thermoplastic resin transfer moulding. Impact test samples were extracted from quasi-isotropic laminates using 2 different glass fibre sizings, both with a fibre volume fraction of approximately 52%. A previous study showed that one of these sizings enhanced the interfacial strength and Mode I fracture toughness; however, the effects of the sizing on out-of-plane impact is of greater significance in terms of automotive applications. A drop-weight impact tester was used to determine out-of-plane impact performance for both sizings in terms of impact load induced and energy returned from the striker. High-speed video of the impact response was simultaneously captured. Testing was carried out at three impact energy levels: two sub-penetration and one full penetration. The impact damage area was observed, and the post-damage compression properties of samples were measured to determine the reduction in their strength and stiffness. Results showed that the use of different sizing technologies had little effect on the post-impact compressive properties, and that penetration led to only a 29% drop in compression strength. Overall, the outcomes of this work demonstrate the potential of these materials in automotive applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5790
JournalEnergies
Volume14
Issue number18
Early online date14 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • TP-RTM
  • T-RTM
  • Impact
  • Polyamide
  • Automotive
  • Thermoplastic

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