Threats to an ecosystem service: pressures on pollinators

Adam Vanbergen, Mathilde Baude, Jacobus Biemeijer, Nicholas Britton, Mark Brown, Mike Brown, John Bryden, Giles Budge, James Bull, Claire Carvell, Andrew Challinor, Christopher Connolly, David Evans, Edward Feil, Mike Garratt, Mark Greco, Matthew Heard, Vincent Jansen, Matt Keeling, William kuninGay Marris, Jane Memmott, James Murray, Susan Nicolson, Juliet Osborne, Robert Paxton, Christian Pirk, Chiara Polce, Simon Potts, nicholas Priest, Nigel Raine, Stuart Roberts, Eugene Ryabov, Sharoni Shafir, Mark Shirley, Stephen Simpson, Philip Stevenson, Graham Stone, Mette Termansen, Geraldine Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Insect pollinators of crops and wild plants are under threat globally and their decline or loss may have profound economic and environmental consequences. Here we argue that, rather than a single cause, multiple anthropogenic pressures including land-use intensification, climate change, alien species and disease spread are responsible for pollinator declines. We show that a complex interplay between pressures (e.g. nutrition, disease and pesticides) and biological processes (e.g. species dispersal and interactions) at a range of scales (from genes to ecosystems) underpins pollinator declines. Better understanding of the nature and impacts of these interactions necessitates interdisciplinary research if food security and ecosystem function are to be preserved. Here we highlight key areas that require research focus and outline some practical steps to alleviate the pressures on pollinators and the pollination service they provide to wild and crop plants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251–259
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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