We present a review of 111 patients who were treated over an initial 3-year period with erlotinib. The median treatment time was 68 days and 59% of patients had stopped treatment within the first 3 months. However, 20 patients were on erlotinib for more than 12 months. Performance status and smoking history were the significant prognostic factors. The overall 3-year survival in patients who had never smoked was 26%. (C) 2010 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.