Top-down lipidomics of low density lipoprotein reveal altered lipid profiles in advanced chronic kidney disease

Ana Reis, Alisa Rudnitskaya, Pajaree Chariyavilaskul, Neeraj Dhaun, Vanessa Melville, Jane Goddard, David J Webb, Andrew R Pitt, Corinne M Spickett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study compared the molecular lipidomic profile of LDL in patients with non-diabetic advanced renal disease and no evidence of cardiovascular disease to that of age-matched controls, with the hypothesis that it would reveal proatherogenic lipid alterations. LDL was isolated from 10 normocholesterolemic patients with stages 4/5 renal disease and 10 controls, and lipids were analysed by accurate mass liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Top-down lipidomics analysis and manual examination of the data identified 352 lipid species, and automated comparative analysis demonstrated alterations in lipid profile in disease. The total lipid and cholesterol content was unchanged, but levels of triacylglycerides and N-acyltaurines were significantly increased, while phosphatidylcholines, plasmenyl ethanolamines, sulfatides, ceramides and cholesterol sulfate were significantly decreased in CKD patients. Chemometric analysis of individual lipid species showed very good discrimination of control and disease sample despite the small cohorts, and identified individual unsaturated phospholipids and triglycerides mainly responsible for the discrimination. These findings illustrate the point that although the clinical biochemistry parameters may not appear abnormal, there may be important underlying lipidomic changes that contribute to disease pathology. The lipidomic profile of CKD LDL offers potential for new biomarkers and novel insights into lipid metabolism and cardiovascular risk in this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-422
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume56
Issue number2
Early online date25 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

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