Total and respirable airborne dust endotoxin concentrations in three equine management systems

B C McGorum, J Ellison, R T Cullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The concentrations of total and respirable airborne endotoxin in the breathing zone of a pony in 3 different management systems, on 8 occasions, are reported. Airborne endotoxin concentrations in all 3 systems were lower than those reported for many other agricultural environments. However, total airborne endotoxin concentrations in many of the conventional stables exceeded those which can induce pulmonary inflammation and bronchial hyper-responsiveness in normal human subjects, and exceeded those which can induce bronchoconstriction in humans with pre-existing pulmonary inflammation. Therefore, airborne endotoxin may contribute to the development of airway inflammation and dysfunction in conventionally stabled horses. Potentially detrimental effects of airborne endotoxins on the welfare and exercise performance of stabled horses can be reduced by maintaining horses in 'low dust' stables or at pasture, since these environments had significantly lower airborne dust and endotoxin concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-434
Number of pages5
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume30
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

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