Total Center Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Volume and 30-Day Mortality: A Contemporary National Cohort Study of 427 467 Elective, Urgent, and Emergency Cases

Darragh O'Neill, Owen Nicholas, Chris P Gale, Peter Ludman, Mark A de Belder, Adam Timmis, Keith A A Fox, Iain A Simpson, Simon Redwood, Simon G Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The relationship between procedural volume and prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains uncertain, with some studies finding in favor of an inverse association and some against. This UK study provides a contemporary reassessment in one of the few countries in the world with a nationally representative PCI registry.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A nationwide cohort study was performed using the national British Cardiovascular Intervention Society registry. All adult patients undergoing PCI in 93 English and Welsh NHS hospitals between 2007 and 2013 were analyzed using hierarchical modeling with adjustment for patient risk. Of 427 467 procedures (22.0% primary PCI) in 93 hospitals, 30-day mortality was 1.9% (4.8% primary PCI). 87.1% of centers undertook between 200 and 2000 procedures annually. Case mix varied with center volume. In centers with 200 to 399 PCI cases per year, a smaller proportion were PCI for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (8.4%) than in centers with 1500 to 1999 PCI cases per year (24.2%), but proportionally more were for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (8.4% versus 4.3%). For the overall PCI cohort, after risk adjustment, there was no significant evidence of worse, or better, outcomes in lower volume centers from our own study, or in combination with results from other studies. For primary PCI, there was also no evidence for increased or decreased mortality in lower volume centers.

CONCLUSIONS: After adjustment for differences in case mix and clinical presentation, this study supports the conclusion of no trend for increased mortality in lower volume centers for PCI in the UK healthcare system.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02184949.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Volume10
Issue number3
Early online date20 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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