Toward an ideal animal model to trace donor cell fates after stem cell therapy: Production of stably labeled multipotent mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow of transgenic pigs harboring enhanced green fluorescence protein gene

F. S. H. Hsiao, W. S. Lian, S. P. Lin, C. J. Lin, Y. S. Lin, E. C. H. Cheng, C. W. Liu, C. C. Cheng, P. H. Cheng, S. T. Ding, K. H. Lee, T. F. Kuo, C. F. Cheng, W. T. K. Cheng*, S. C. Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The discovery of postnatal mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) with their general multipotentiality has fueled much interest in the development of cell-based therapies. Proper identification of transplanted MSC is crucial for evaluating donor cell distribution, differentiation, and migration. Lack of an efficient marker of transplanted MSC has precluded our understanding of MSC-related regenerative studies, especially in large animal models such as pigs. In the present study, we produced transgenic pigs harboring an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. The pigs provide a reliable and reproducible source for obtaining stable EGFP-labeled MSC, which is very useful for donor cell tracking after transplantation. The undifferentiated EGFP-tagged MSC expressed a greater quantity of EGFP while maintaining MSC multipotentiality. These cells exhibited homogeneous surface epitopes and possessed classic trilineage differentiation potential into osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineages, with robust EGFP expression maintained in all differentiated progeny. Injection of donor MSC can dramatically increase the thickness of infarcted myocardium and improve cardiac function in mice. Moreover, the MSC, with their strong EGFP expression, can be easily distinguished from the background autofluorescence in myocardial infarcts. We demonstrated an efficient, effective, and easy way to identify MSC after long-term culture and transplantation. With the transgenic model, we were able to obtain stem or progenitor cells in earlier passages compared with the transfection of traceable markers into established MSC. Because the integration site of the transgene was the same for all cells, we lessened the potential for positional effects and the heterogeneity of the stem cells. The EGFP-transgenic pigs may serve as useful biomedical and agricultural models of somatic stem cell biology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3460-3472
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume89
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • bone marrow
  • enhanced green fluorescence protein
  • mesenchymal stem cell
  • myocardial infarction
  • pig
  • MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
  • PROGENITOR CELLS
  • COLLATERAL PERFUSION
  • STROMAL CELLS
  • CLONED PIGS
  • EXPRESSION
  • DELIVERY
  • MICE
  • DIFFERENTIATION
  • TRANSPLANTATION

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