Projects per year
The capacity of Stage IV lensing surveys to measure the neutrino mass sum and differentiate between the normal and inverted mass hierarchies depends on the impact of nuisance parameters describing small-scale baryonic astrophysics and intrinsic alignments. For a Euclid-like survey, we perform the first combined weak lensing and galaxy clustering Fisher analysis with baryons, intrinsic alignments, and massive neutrinos for both hierarchies. We use a matter power spectrum generated from a halo model that captures the impact of baryonic feedback and adiabatic contraction. For weak lensing, we find that baryons cause severe degradation to forecasts of the neutrino mass sum, Σ, approximately doubling σΣ. We show that including galaxy clustering constraints from Euclid and BOSS, and cosmic microwave background (CMB) Planck priors, can reduce this degradation to σΣ to 9 per cent and 16 per cent for the normal and inverted hierarchies, respectively. The combined forecasts, σΣNH=0.034eV and σΣIH=0.034eV, preclude a meaningful distinction of the hierarchies but could be improved upon with future CMB priors on ns and information from neutrinoless double beta decay to achieve a 2σ distinction. The effect of intrinsic alignments on forecasts is shown to be minimal, with σΣ even experiencing mild improvements due to information from the intrinsic alignment signal. We find that while adiabatic contraction and intrinsic alignments will require careful calibration to prevent significant biasing of Σ, there is less risk presented by feedback from energetic events like AGN and supernovae.