Towards in-cylinder chemical species tomography on large-bore IC engines with pre-chamber

Stylianos Tsekenis (Lead Author), Hugh McCann, David Wilson, Michael Lengden, Jari Hyvonen, Jukka Leinonen, Ashish Shah, Oivind Andersson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A feasibility study is presented and the achieved key design milestones towards the first application of Chemical Species Tomography by Near-IR Absorption Tomography on a heavy duty, large-bore marine engine to visualise relative mixture strength are described. The engine is equipped with pre-chamber ignition and operates using Liquefied Natural Gas with >88.9% methane content. Operation of the engine under maximum-load conditions is a key design requirement, with peak cylinder pressure and mean temperature exceeding 127,510 Torr (170 bar) and 850 K respectively. The near-IR spectroscopic behaviour of methane is examined for suitable absorption and reference regions for the above application. In particular, the spectroscopic absorption around the 2ν3 transition region near 1666 nm is approximated by simulation using data from the HITRAN database under worst-case conditions. The simulation results are compared with methane spectra experimentally acquired at high temperature and ambient pressure. Interference from other chemical species as well as measurement linearity is also investigated. A 31-laser beam tomographic imaging array is proposed, which has been optimised to achieve higher spatial resolution performance in the vicinity of the pre-chamber's orifices. To enable optical access, a novel, minimally-intrusive method is presented, utilising standard fibre-optics and collimators.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
Early online date4 Apr 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Apr 2016


  • Chemical Species Tomography; In-cylinder engine diagnostics; Marine engine; Pre-chamber; Infra-red absorption spectroscopy


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  • IAA project

    Tsekenis, A. & Mccann, H.

    4/05/15 → …

    Project: University Awarded Project Funding

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