Tracking the mind during reading: The influence of past, present, and future words on fixation durations

R Kliegl, A Nuthmann, R Engbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reading requires the orchestration of visual, attentional, language-related, and oculomotor processing constraints. This study replicates previous effects of frequency, predictability, and length of fixated words on fixation durations in natural reading and demonstrates new effects of these variables related to previous and next words. Results are based on fixation durations recorded from 222 persons, each reading 144 sentences. Such evidence for distributed processing of words across fixation durations challenges psycholinguistic immediacy-of-processing and eye-mind assumptions. Most of the time the mind processes several words in parallel at different perceptual and cognitive levels. Eye movements can help to unravel these processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-35
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume135
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • eye movements
  • fixation duration
  • gaze
  • word recognition
  • reading
  • EYE-MOVEMENT CONTROL
  • EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS
  • Z READER MODEL
  • PERCEPTUAL SPAN
  • PROCESSING DIFFICULTY
  • REGRESSION-ANALYSES
  • SACCADE GENERATION
  • COVERT ATTENTION
  • DYNAMICAL MODEL
  • FREQUENCY

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