Tracking the mind during reading: The influence of past, present, and future words on fixation durations

Reinhold Kliegl, Antje Nuthmann, Ralf Engbert

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Frequency, predictability, and length of fixated words are established contributors to fixation durations in reading. With data from 222 readers of single sentences, we show that frequency, predictability, and length of neighboring words as well as incoming and outgoing saccade amplitudes and fixation position in the current word also influence the duration. We find simultaneous effects of last and next word frequency and predictability, incoming saccade amplitude, and relative position within words as well as four disputed parafoveal-on-foveal effects and offer an explanation in terms of cued memory retrieval. Lexical lag and successor effects are attenuated in two-fixation cases. Reading fixations reflect distributed processing relating to cognitive, perceptual, and oculomotor needs. We reconcile divergent results from corpus analyses and experimental research and propose a mixed- model perspective on eye movements in reading.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Event13th European Conference on Eye Movements - Bern, Switzerland
Duration: 14 Aug 200518 Aug 2005


Conference13th European Conference on Eye Movements


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