Training associated alterations in equine respiratory immunity using a multiomics comparative approach

Anna Karagianni, Dominic Thekkedath Kurian, Eugenio Cillan-Garcia, Sam Eaton, Thomas Wishart, Scott Pirie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Neutrophilic airway inflammation is highly prevalent in racehorses in training, with the term mild to moderate equine asthma (MMEA) being applied to the majority of such cases. Our proposed study is largely derived from the strong association between MMEA in racehorses and their entry into a race training program. The objectives of this study are to characterise the effect of training on the local pulmonary immune system by defining the gene and protein expression of tracheal wash (TW) derived samples from Thoroughbred racehorses prior to and following commencement of race training. Multiomics analysis detected 2,138 differentially expressed genes and 260 proteins during the training period. Gene and protein sets were enriched for biological processes related to acute phase response, oxidative stress, haemopoietic processes, as well as to immune response and inflammation. This study demonstrated TW samples to represent a rich source of airway cells, protein and RNA to study airway immunity in the horse and highlighted the benefits of a multiomics methodological approach to studying the dynamics of equine airway immunity. Findings likely reflect the known associations between race-training and both airway inflammation and bleeding, offering further insight into the potential mechanisms which underpin training associated airway inflammation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number427
JournalScientific Reports
Early online date10 Dec 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Dec 2021


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