Trajectory generation of straightened knee walking for humanoid robot iCub

Zhibin Li, N.G. Tsagarikis, D.G. Caldwell, B. Vanderborght

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Most humanoid robots walk with bent knees, which particularly requires high motor torques at knees and gives an unnatural walking manner. It is therefore essential to design a control method that produces a motion which is more energy efficient and natural comparable to those performed by humans. In this paper, we address this issue by modeling the virtual spring-damper based on the cart-table model. This strategy utilizes the preview control, which generates the desired horizontal motion of the center of mass (COM), and the virtual spring-damper for generating the vertical COM motion. The theoretical feasibility of this hybrid strategy is demonstrated in Matlab simulation of a multi-body bipedal model. Knee joint patterns, ground reaction force (GRF) patterns, COM trajectories are presented. The successful walking gaits of the child humanoid "iCub" in the dynamic simulator validate the proposed scheme. The joint torques required by the proposed strategy are reduced, compared with the one required by the cart-table model.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationControl Automation Robotics & Vision (ICARCV), 2010 11th International Conference on
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-7814-9
Publication statusPublished - 2010


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