Transcriptomic analysis by RNA sequencing characterises malignant progression of canine insulinoma from normal tissue to metastatic disease

Ylenia Capodanno, Floryne Buishand, Lisa Pang, Jolle Kirpensteijn, J. A. Mol, Richard Elders, David Argyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Insulinomas (INS) are the most common human and canine functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours. The long-term prognosis for malignant INS is poor, because micrometastases are
frequently missed during surgery. As human and canine malignant INS share clinical and histopathological features, dogs have been proposed as models for INS research. Using RNA sequencing, we conducted a pilot study to better understand the underlying molecular mechanisms of canine INS. Normal canine pancreas and lymph node control tissues were compared with primary INS and INS-metastatic lymph nodes, revealing more than 3000 genes differentially expressed in normal pancreas compared to primary INS. Only 164 genes were differentially expressed between primary INS and INS-metastatic lymph nodes. Hierarchical clustering analysis demonstrated similar genetic profiles in normal pancreas and early clinical stage primary INS,
wher eas late clinical stage primary INS resembled the genetic profile of INS-metastatic lymphnodes. These findings suggest that markers of malignant behaviour could be identified at the
primary site of the disease. Finally, using the REACTOME pathways database, we revealed that an active collagen metabolism, extracellular matrix remodelling, beta-cell differentiation and non-beta cell trans-differentiation might cause disease progression and hyperinsulinism in INS, identifying
major pathways worthy of future research in this currently poorly controlled disease
Original languageEnglish
Article number11581
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
Early online date14 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jul 2020

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