Transparency for trust in government: How effective is formal transparency?

Maria Cucciniello*, Greta Nasi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many countries refer to transparency not only as the right to access information, but also as a tool for enhancing government efficiency and accountability. However, the practice of transparency is still linked to the need to comply with legal obligations, not necessarily meeting citizens’ needs. The purpose of this article is twofold: it measures the levels of transparency of governments and the needs of citizens for government information and consequently assesses whether there is a gap, offering recommendations for reducing it. This should contribute to reaching higher levels of useful rather than formal transparency and may help in facilitating government-constituent relations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-921
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2014


  • citizen engagement
  • information and communication technologies
  • transparency
  • trust


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