Within the field of history of education, there is a growing interest in the movement of influential actors and texts which have crossed national borders. One of the main driving forces for influence, knowledge and innovation is comparison, a tool used within the governing of education in diverse ways and with different intensities, over time, to shape education systems. This article looks beyond dichotomies such as the national versus the European or the global, in order to focus on those governing spaces and practices that lie in between bounded, predetermined and preconceived entities and education organisations. Our locus of enquiry is education actors and their practices as they use comparison to make governing happen. The article examines the case of Swedish education (its policy actors, governing elites and education practitioners) to examine this relation between comparison, governing and the transnational.