Treatment of the feline atopic syndrome – a systematic review

Ralf S. Mueller, Tim Nuttall, Christine Prost, Bianka Schulz, Petra Bizikova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Background - Feline allergic skin disease and asthma occur regularly in small animal practice.
Objectives - To provide evidence-based recommendations for small animal practitioners on the treatment of feline atopic syndrome (FAS).
Materials and Methods - The authors reviewed the literature available prior to February 2020, prepared a detailed evidence-based literature review and made recommendations based on the evaluated evidence.
Results - Sixty-six papers and abstracts were identified describing treatment interventions for FAS and evaluated to establish treatment recommendations. For many treatment options, the papers were retrospective, open studies or case reports.
Conclusion and clinical relevance - In this review, there was good evidence for efficacy of systemic glucocorticoids and ciclosporin, and limited evidence for efficacy of topical glucocorticoids, oclacitinib and allergen-specific immunotherapy in feline atopic skin syndrome. Evidence pointed to low to moderate efficacy for antihistamines, fatty acids and palmitoyl ethanolamide. In feline asthma, there was good evidence for efficacy of oral and inhaled glucocorticoids, and limited evidence of moderate efficacy for allergen-specific immunotherapy. Evidence supported low to moderate efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells, inhaled lidocaine and oclacitinib as treatments for feline asthma. For almost all therapeutic options (with the exception of glucocorticoids and ciclosporin) more randomised controlled trials are needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-e8
Number of pages20
JournalVeterinary Dermatology
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2021

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