This retrospective study involved analysis of the data of the inpatients discharged with a diagnosis of bums, from various hospitals in Scotland, during the period 1970-92. There were 51 350 stich inpatients all over Scotland, with an average annual rate of 2233 cases. Overall burn incidence in acutal numbers was 43.7 per cent in <15 year olds, 43.2 per cent in 15-64 year olds and 15.1 per cent in greater than or equal to 65 year olds. Burn rates per 100 000 population were highest in <15 year olds and lowest in 16-64 year olds.
The pattern of burn admissions has changed. Since 1987 the highest numbers of burn inpatients were the 16-64 year olds, followed by children, then the elderly. There has been a gradual but sustained fall in burns admissions in all age categories. The downward trend was statistically significant (t=8.48, 21 d.f., P 80 year olds were considered separately, approaching the levels found in children. However the rate and incidence of burns in the 65-80 year olds resembled that of the younger age group (16-64 year olds).
The total number of deaths due to burns and/or smoke inhalation has declined in all age groups and the decline has been statistically significant (chi-squared = 19.66, 1 d.J., P
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1995|