Trimethoprim resistant dihydrofolate reductases in normal faecal flora isolated in India

S Tait, S G Amyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A high incidence of resistance to trimethoprim has been shown in the normal faecal flora in a population in south India. The dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) genes mediating transferable resistance to trimethoprim have been identified. Unusually, in this study, the dhfrV was shown to be the predominant resistance gene (dhfrV 50% of transconjugants, dhfrIa 30%), the dhfrIb was also detected being distinguished from the dhfrV by an oligo-probe. However, when non-transferable resistance was considered, the dhfrIa was the most prevalent of the dhfrs identified. All those plasmids harbouring the dhfrIa were shown to possess Tn7. All the plasmids that probed positive for the dhfrV and the dhfrIb were shown to be associated with the integrase of the Tn21-like transposons, but 8 of the dhfrV genes were not associated with the Tn21 resolvase. The dhfrIV was shown to be present in all seven plasmids that produced low level trimethoprim-resistance. The dhfrV, first characterized in Sri Lanka, would seem to have a local distribution in this region of Asia but is distinguishable from the dhfrIb only by the use of an oligo-probe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-58
Number of pages12
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume113
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1994

Keywords

  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • Feces
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Humans
  • India
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Plasmids
  • Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase
  • Transposon Resolvases
  • Trimethoprim Resistance

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