Tuberculosis joint infections in four domestic cats

Stephanie M Lalor, Stephen Clarke, Jonathan Pink, Andrew Parry, Emma Scurrell, Noel Fitzpatrick, Fraje Watson, Conor O'Halloran, Danielle Gunn-Moore

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CASE SERIES SUMMARY: This paper describes the clinical presentation, diagnostic imaging findings and outcome in four cats with confirmed joint-associated tuberculosis. The cats were 2-6 years of age, and immune competent. Three cases had tuberculosis affecting only one joint, whereas one case had at least three joints affected. Two cases were caused by Mycobacterium bovis, and the other two were caused by Mycobacterium microti. Radiological findings included osteolysis, periosteal reaction and associated soft tissue swelling. Two cases were euthanased and two cases responded well to amputation and follow-on antibiotic therapy.

RELEVANCE AND NOVEL INFORMATION: To our knowledge, this is the first publication of a series of cats with joint-associated tuberculosis. Although tuberculosis is not common, a high degree of suspicion is needed to avoid delayed diagnosis. This case series highlights the importance of considering mycobacterial disease as a differential for joint disease in cats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2055116917719401
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2017


  • Journal Article


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